Oscar Wilde Chemical World


CHRONOLOGY




Chronology

Date Event
1854 Oscar Wilde born in Dublin on 10th October.

1864 Entered Portora Royal School, Enniskillen.

1871 Entered Trinity College, Dublin, as a Junior Freshman, with an exhibition from Portora Royal School.

1873 Elected to University scholarship on the Foundation.

1874 Left Dublin University to enter Magdalen College, Oxford. Held demyship from 1874 to 1879.

1876 First-class in classical moderations.

From Spring Days to Winter published in the Dublin University Magazine in January.

The Dole of the King's Daughter published in the Dublin University Magazine in June; (Revised for Poems in 1881).

Rome Unvisited published in the Month and Catholic Review in September under the title Graffiti d' Italia.

San Miniato published in the Dublin University Magazine under the title Graffiti d'Italia. I. San Miniato.

By the Arno published as Part II of Graffiti d' Italia. I. San Miniato.

1877 Visited Ravenna and Greece in the vacation.

Impression: Le Revillon published in the Irish Monthly in February as Lotus Leaves.

Impressions II: La Fuite de la Lune published in the Irish Monthly in June under the title Salve Saturnia Tellus.

Sonnet on Approaching Italy published in the Irish Monthly under the title Salve Saturnia Tellus.

Urbs Sacra Aeterna published in the Illustrated Monitor in June.

Sonnet Written in Holy Week at Genoa published in the Illustrated Monitor in July under the title Sonnet, Written during Holy Week.

The Grave of Keats published as Heu Miserande Puer in an article entitled The Tomb of Keats in the July issue of the Irish Monthly.

Madonna Mia published in Kotiabos under the title Wasted Days; (Entirely rewritten for Poems 1881).

A Vision published in Kottabos under the title A Night Vision; (Revised for Poems 1881).

1878 First-class in litterae humaniores.

Awarded Newdigate Prize for his poem Ravenna.

Ravenna published in March.

Magdalen Walks published in the Irish Monthly in April; (The last three stanzas are omitted in Poems 1881).

Ave Maria Plena Gratia published in the Irish Monthly in July under the title Ave Maria Gratia Plena.

1879 Settled in London.

Athanasia published in Time in April; (Revised and last stanza omitted for Poems 1881).

Phedre published under the title To Sarah Bernhardt in The World June 11th.

Easter Day published in Waifs and Strays in June.

The New Helen published in Time in july; (Revised for Poems 1881).

Queen Henrietta Maria published in The World in July.

Ballade de Marguerite published in Kottabos under the title La Belle Marguerite. Ballade du Moyen Age; (Revised and shortened for Poems 1881).

1880 Vera, or The Nihilists published.

Portia published in The World in January.

Impression de Voyage published in Waifs and Strays in March.

Ave Imperatrix published in The World in August.

Libertatis Sacra Fames published in The World in November.

1881 First collected edition of Wilde's poems published by Bogue.

Serenade published in Pan on January 8th; (Two stanzas only).

Impression du matin published in The World on March 2nd.

Impressions: 1 Les Silhouettes, 2 La Fuite de la Lune published in Pan in April.

1882 Lecture tour in United States.

1883 Early this year went to Paris, where he met de Goncourt, Daudet, Hugo, J.S. Sargent, and Paul Bourget.

Later this year toured the English provinces lecturing on "The House Beautiful."

The Duchess of Padua published.

Vera produced in New York in August, where it was not a sucess; running for one week only, though Marie Prescott toured America with it later.

1884 Married Constance Lloyd, wealthy daughter of a Dublin barrister, on May 29th, and settled in a house in Tite Street, Chelsea.

1885 First son Cyril born.

The Harlot's House published in The Dramatic Review in April.

The Truth of Masks published in The Nineteenth Century in May.

1886 Second son Vivian born.

1887 Became editor of Women's World; (editor 1887-1889).

The Canterville Ghost published on 23rd February and 2nd March in The Court and Society Review.

The Sphinx without a Secret published as Lady Alroy in The World on 25th May.

The Model Millionaire published in The World on 22nd June.

Fantaisies Decoratives: 1 Le Paneau. 2 Les Ballons published in the Christmas number of Women's Journal.

Lord Arthur Savile's Crime published in The Court and Society Review.

1888 This year marked the beginning of a period of progressive literary activity which lasted until the collapse of Wilde's career in 1895. The Happy Prince and Other Tales published.

Canzonet published in Art and Letters in April.

The Young King published in The Lady's Pictorial Christmas number.

1889 The Decay of Lying published in The Nineteenth Century in January.

Pen, Pencil and Poison published in The Fortnightly Review in January.

Symphony in Yellow published in the Centennial Magazine in February.

The Birthday of the Infanta published in Paris Illustré in March.

The Portrait of Mr. W.H. published in July issue of Blackwoord's Edinburgh Magazine.

In the Forest published in the Christmas number of the Lady's Picotrial.

1890 The Picture of Dorian Gray published in Lippincott's Magazine.

The Critic as Artist published in July and September.

The Soul of Man under Socialism published in The Fortnightly Review in February.

A Preface to Dorian Gray published in The Fortnightly Review in March.

1891 Intentions published on 2nd May.

Lord Arthur Savile's Crime and Other Stories published.

The Picture of Dorian Gray published in book form with additional chapters and preface.

A House of Pomegranates published.

The Duchess of Padua produced in New York anonymously, under the title Guido Ferranti.

1892 Lady Windermere's Fan produced at St. James's Theatre on 20th February.

Salomé was being rehearsed in June of this year by Sarah Berhardt for production at the Palace Theatre, London, when the Lord Chamberlain refused a licence on the grounds that the play introduced Biblical characters.  Consequently Salomé's first pergormance was in Paris, 1896.

1893 The House of Judgment published in The Spirit Lamp in February.

Salomé published (in French) on 22nd February.

A Woman of No Importance produced by Beerbohm Tree at the Haymarket Theatre on 19th April.

The Disciple published in The Spirit Lamp in June.

Lady Windermer's Fan published on 9th November.

Tom My Wife with a copy of my poems published in Book-song.

1894 The Sphinx published on June 11th.

Poems in Prose published in The Fortnightly Review in July.

A Woman of No Importance published on 9th October.

Phrases and Philosophies for the Use of the Young published in the Chameleon in December.

English edition of Salomé published. (Translation by Lord Alfred Douglas, and illustrated by Aubrey Beardsley.)

1895 In March Wilde laaunched an action for criminal libel, against the Marguess of Queensbury. The case broke down after Edward Carson's rigorous cross-examination of Wilde, who was then arrested as a matter of course. He was tried at the Old Bailey and sentenced to two years' hard labour on 27th May.

Declared bankrupt in July.

An Ideal Husband produced at the Theatre Royal, Haymarket, on 3rd January.

The Importance of Being Earest produced at the St. James's on 14th February by George Alexander.

The Soul of Man (under Socialism) published in May.

1896 Mother died.

Salomé produced at the Thèâtre de L'oeuvre, Paris, on 11th February by Sarah Bernhardt.

1897 Released from Reading Prison 19th May.  Went to Berneval.

First letter to the Daily Chronicle published on 28th May.

1898 Wife died.

Left Berneval and went to Paris, where he lived till his death.

Ballad of Reading Gaol, written in Berneval, published 13h February.

Second letter to the Daily Chronicle published March 24th.

1899 The Importance of Being Earnest published in February.

An Ideal Husband published in July.

1900 Visited Sicily and Rome in the spring.

Died at Hotel d'Alsace, 13 Rue des beaux arts, on 30th November, after contracting cerebral meningitis.

1905 De Profundis published.

The Rise of Historical Ciricism (incomplete) published.

1907 A Woman of No Importance revived at His Majesty's Theatre 22nd May.

1908 First collected edition of Wilde's works (methuen), in which A Florentine Tragedy, La Sainte Courtisane, four letters to Robert Ross from Reading Prison, the complete Rise of Historical Criticism, and the poem to L.L. were published for the first time.

1909 Second collected edition (Methuen).

Pan published in collected edition.

Désespoir published in collected edition.

1949 Suppressed part of De Profundis published by Vybyan Holland.

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